All LL.M. students are required to successfully complete six core-courses from the list below.  Additionally, LL.M. students must complete three thesis-writing courses, and produce a thesis of publishable quality.  The LL.M. class schedules can be located here.

Thesis Program

(26 Credit Hours needed to graduate, 8 hours of which are Masters Thesis courses)

Core Courses

Course Hours
U.S. National Aviation Law 3
U.S. National Space Law 3
Public International Air Law 3
Space Security Law 3
International Space Law 3
Private International Air Law 3
Comparative National Space Law 3
International Aviation Finance and Leasing Law 3
International Telecommunication Law 3
Remote Sensing Law 3

Masters Thesis

Course Hours
Master’s Thesis I (Advisor) 1
Master’s Thesis II (Advisor) 1
Master’s Thesis III (Advisor) 6

LL.M. Course Descriptions

Comparative National Space Law (3 credit hours)
This course surveys the national regulatory frameworks governing space activities, with a particular focus on the legal frameworks that govern private and governmental entities engaged in commercial space activities.  Activities addressed at the national or regional level include discussions on national space authorities, supranational bodies, and licensing schemes and operation requirements for launching, remote sensing and telecommunications. The course provides students with a thorough knowledge of the myriad legal issues involved in space activities, including State obligations under the UN treaties, international law, private international law, and national space laws and policies.

International Space Law (3 credit hours)
This course provides an overview of current international space law in U.N. resolutions and treaties and customary law. It identifies legal theory and principles used in the advancement of civil, military, and commercial space activities.

Private International Air Law (3 credit hours)
This course covers the unification of private international air law through the adoption of international conventions, such as air carriers’ liability under the Warsaw Convention System; the Rome Convention on liability caused by aircraft on the surface of the earth; the Geneva Convention on recognition of rights in aircraft; the Cape Town Convention on aircraft financing; insurance aspects and implications of the air carrier’s international liability; among others.

Public International Air Law (3 credit hours)
This course examines the relevant principles and public international law that apply to the use of airspace by examining the sources of international air law and the law-making processes affecting the regime of airspace and international air transport. The following topics are discussed: sources of international air law; case study of international aviation organizations (International Civil Aviation Organization, International Air Transport Association, and regional bodies) and their functions; civil and State aircraft; legal management of aviation security and aviation environmental harm; international standards and recommended practices regarding safety, security, airports, air navigation; State certification and licensing; and accident investigation; among others.

Space Security Law (3 credit hours)
Space Security Law covers a wide variety of legal issues dealing both with security of the space environment and national security derived from reliance on space assets. These issues are examined through both international and national legal regimes.

International Aviation Finance and Leasing Law (3 credit hours)
This course covers the primary legal and practical aspects of international aviation finance and leasing Law, and focuses on special international and national private air law (lex specialis) that applies to cross-border financing and leasing of aircraft objects.  This course also addresses the relevant international disputes that currently arise in the international aviation finance practice.

International Telecommunication Law (3 credit hours)
Telecommunications Law addresses legal issues of the transnational flow of information and the technology that facilitates these transfers.  These issues addressed include State interests in technical controls as well as in content controls of international communication.

Remote Sensing Law (3 credit hours)
Remote sensing is a valuable technology in science, foreign policy, national security, and commerce. This course provides an overview of international and domestic remote sensing law and identifies issues in the United States and the international community.

U.S. Aviation Law (3 credit hours)
This course covers aviation laws, regulations, and policy of the United States. It explores all major aspects of aviation law, including, but not limited to: government regulation of aircraft, air carriers, airmen, and airports; airport, air traffic control, and aircraft manufacturers’ liability; air carriers’ liability in domestic carriage of passengers and cargo; aircraft financing; economic regulation of domestic air routes and rates; aviation security; and environmental aviation law.

U.S. Space Law (3 credit hours)
This course covers the most developed body of national space law in the world: that of the United States. It addresses the nation’s civil and commercial programs and offers a wide variety of commercial activities: launches, remote sensing, and satellite communications, among others.

Master’s Thesis I-III (8 credit hours)
These courses are dedicated to the development of a student’s written thesis. They will cover advanced legal writing and research skills, literature review, thesis proposal development, and completion of a student’s written thesis.

If you have any questions about the LL.M. in Air & Space Law, please email